As a beginner but also advanced user in the cryptocurrency universe, the many different terms can easily overwhelm you. We have therefore made it our task to present the most important information in this context as simply as possible.
One of the terms that is becoming more and more common is staking. This is an energy-saving and therefore environmentally friendly method of making your cryptocurrencies work for you.
What is crypto staking?
When staking cryptocurrencies, you tie up your coins for a certain period of time and receive interest on them. The concept is similar to a bank savings account. But what is the interest paid on staking and what technology is behind it?
What is Proof-of-Stake?
Proof-of-Stake is an alternative algorithm to the Proof-of-Work used by Bitcoin. It is an environmentally friendly process and uses less energy compared to crypto mining. In practice, this means that your coins are not mined but "validated". In turn, if you want to be a validator, you have to deposit a certain amount of cryptos and then you are rewarded for it with the aforementioned interest. The whole thing is then called staking.
Sunny King and Scott Nadal introduced proof-of-stake in Peercoin. They published the paper in 2012, and the authors derived the idea from the Bitcoin model of proof-of-work.
What is a staking pool?
A staking pool is formed when a group of people join together to combine their resources or just cryptocurrencies. They do this to increase the chances of validating blocks and earning more rewards. Maintaining a staking pool requires a lot of time and resources, though the long-term effects are beneficial.
Was ist cold staking?
A cold wallet is an offline wallet, which means it is not connected to the Internet. So when we talk about cold staking, we mean staking with a wallet that is not connected to the Internet. With this type of staking, you need a hardware wallet.
How can I stake cryptocurrencies?
Staking cryptocurrencies is easy compared to crypto mining. Here we explain the process step by step.
1. Choose a cryptocurrency
Before you choose a coin for staking, you should learn about the different cryptocurrencies. Each cryptocurrency has its own uses. Also, you can't stake just any cryptocurrency. In order to participate, you must be in possession of a proof-of-stake currency.
Take your time to choose the right cryptocurrency. Do not be blinded by the amount of interest. Staking is an investment over a long period of time. So the project you choose should be solid and even in several years in the best case not lost value.
Here are a few cryptocurrencies to consider for staking:
- Ethereum (ETH)
- Solana (SOL)
- Terra (LUNA)
- Polkadot (DOT)
2. Choose the type of wallet
We have already discussed the different types of wallets and their advantages and disadvantages in another article. To be able to hold cryptocurrencies, you cannot avoid creating a wallet. This can happen via the mentioned hardware wallets, but also directly on a crypto exchange.
3. Buy your cryptocurrencies and start staking them
Once you have created your wallet, it is time to purchase cryptocurrencies. The easiest way to do this is via one of the many exchanges. There you can deposit your account or another means of payment and directly purchase your desired coins.
Where can cryptocurrencies be staked?
Staking of cryptocurrencies is on everyone's lips. And not without reason. It is a lucrative source of income for end users as well as intermediaries. Accordingly, there are now numerous providers that make staking available.
Well-known crypto exchanges like Coinbase or Binance offer this service. If you don't have any cryptocurrencies yet, you can do everything from creating the wallet to staking with one provider. This is particularly convenient.
However, there are now also smaller companies that offer staking but do not sell any cryptocurrencies. We generally advise you to choose a well-known provider. At the end of the day, it's your money that you want to invest as safely as possible, but at the same time profitably.
When should I do staking?
Whether you're investing in cryptocurrencies or just interested in them: You can't get around the word "Hodl." This term comes from a 2013 forum post titled "I AM HODLING." It is a typo that has left a lasting mark on the crypto scene.
This holding strategy is used by many investors to avoid trading losses and taxes. If you have also taken this path, Statking is made for you. This way, you can add more profits to your cryptocurrencies, which you have assigned to a longer holding strategy anyway, and take advantage of the compound interestst.
Advantages and disadvantages of staking
|High security||For proof of ownership, there must be 24/7 internet connection|
|High scalability||Promise of high rewards attracts scammers|
|Low barrier to entry||Coins are partially blocked for a longer period of time|
|Less energy consumption than mining|
Proof-of-stake offers numerous advantages over the proof-of-work mechanism. The focus is on the environment, which should solve a major problem of mining.
The validation of blocks and thus the verification of transactions leads to partially high rewards in Staking.
This incentive as well as the low barrier to entry continue to promise a rosy future for staking. Especially in view of the banks' low interest rate strategy, this type of investment offers a lucrative alternative for more and more people.